crucible essays on fear

has heard of her great charity. Before Betty Parris fell ill, Cotton Mather had published "Memorable Providences describing the suspected witchcraft of an Irish washerwoman in Boston, and Betty Parris' hysteria mirrored those of the suspected Irish witch. The Putnams' servant, Mercy Lewis, arrives and visits Betty. Abigail's lack of any morality renders her able to charge others with witchery no matter the consequences.

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A self-perpetuating cycle of distrust, accusation, arrest, and conviction emerged. The witch trials serve as a means to break from this stifling atmosphere and publicly confess one's sins through accusation. One of the most flamboyant of the women executed was Bridget Bishop, a woman who had been married several times and was known as the mistress of two Salem taverns and had a reputation for dressing more 'artistically' than the women of the village. He thinks that Tituba was screeching gibberish when he found the girls, but Abigail says they were only singing Barbados songs. As a result, neighbors distrusted one another and feuds broke out regarding property rights and clear deeds of ownership. Increase Mather, the father of Cotton, published "Cases of Conscience which argued that it "were better that ten suspected witches should escape than one innocent person should be condemned." Mather urged the court to exclude spectral evidence. Hearing the hymn outside, Betty sits up and screams. Abigail is a young woman who seizes an opportunity to reverse fate. Miller bases the play on the historical account of the Salem witch trials. While Parris's motivation is suspicion and paranoia and Abigail's is mere villainy, Thomas Putnam demonstrates that his motivation involves his longstanding grudges against others; the witchcraft trials give Putnam an opportunity to exact revenge against others, and, as will later be shown, to profit economically. Just as the Salem authorities believed that witchcraft threatened their community, many Americans during this time saw Communism as a threat to the American way of life.

He says that if she loves these children she must let God's light shine on her. Tituba admits that the devil has come to her, and that the devil promises to return her to Barbados. The Puritans had no tolerance for inappropriate or unacceptable behavior and punished individuals publicly and severely if they transgressed.